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The value of adult social care in England - October 2021

大象传媒 has published ‘The value of adult social care in England' report which shows the growing adult social care sector and its skilled workforce contributes £50.3 billion to the English economy. 

View the report

The economic value of the adult social care sector - UK, published in 2018, was commissioned by 大象传媒 and Development and produced by ICF Consulting Limited.

The report shares the economic impact of a growing sector offering services in 45,000 sites across the UK in 1.8 million job roles. At the time of publication the adult social care sector in the UK contributed £46.2 billion to the economy, representing 6% of total employment and average earnings of £17,300. The average full time equivalent worker generated £19,700 of value towards the economy.

Separate reports for England, , Northern Ireland and  were also published.

Key findings

Sector characteristics

  • An estimated 45,000 sites were involved in providing adult social care in the UK in 2016. Most of these sites provided residential care. A further 72,000 individuals receive direct payments and employ Personal Assistants (PAs).
  • There were an estimated 1.6 million jobs in the adult social care sector in the UK in 2016. Most of these jobs were involved in providing domiciliary care. There were a further 151,300 jobs due to individuals employing PAs, meaning there were a total of 1.8 million jobs in the adult social care sector in 2016.
  • There were an estimated 1.2 million Full-Time Equivalents (FTEs) in the adult social care sector in the UK, and a further 69,500 FTEs employed as PAs.
  • Most of the adult social care workforce providing regulated services were employed at sites run by private sector providers (845,200).
  • The level of employment in the adult social care sector represents 6% of total employment in the UK.
  • The average earnings in the adult social care sector in the UK was estimated to be £17,300.

Economic value of the sector

  • It was estimated that in 2016, adult social care sector GVA was £23.6 billion (using the income approach). Most of this was estimated to be in domiciliary care (£7.0 billion, 30%).
  • This represents 1.4% of total GVA in the UK.
  • It was estimated that the average level of productivity (GVA generated per FTE) in the adult social care sector was £19,200.

Indirect and induced value of the sector

  • The indirect effect of the adult social care sector (resulting from the purchase of intermediate goods and services by the adult social care sector in delivering its services) was estimated to contribute a further 603,500 jobs (424,800 FTEs) and £10.8 billion of GVA to the UK economy.
  • The induced effect of the adult social care sector (resulting from purchases made by those directly and indirectly employed in the adult social care sector) was estimated to contribute a further 251,300 jobs (176,100 FTEs) and £11.1 billion of GVA to the UK economy.
  • The total direct, indirect and induced value of the adult social care sector in the UK was estimated to be 2.6 million jobs (1.8 million FTEs) and £46.2 billion.